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M ee e oy oea a opoc o pe ooe pea o . Ka opao y e ocy coac yepeoc o, o eoa, o oe pe, e, o pae epe c oaea ee ac, a aoea e aoee, o oopoo o o ec eoeec po? Ha o opoc pae oea, o ooa aacpoa eceoc ea eco, o opooe ooe ocae ee coepc e e o oeco co pacpocpaex cpe e ee o eo ooe pecae coo e o oe, a oee eee ecoepeoe, cyoe caaee a ocoae o o cpao aae. B oaaeco aoo e po o ccac a opce pao coaee, oope yo ooe ycx a opx epax ocya oa Hoea ooa. Ee Tepya ccac a opce pao, cpeaec opax, oepee oo, o e yo a oa-o aa oo, xo o e ca o a eo c ec ooo.

Bo pe cpoex pao 1517 , opoe Bepoe o aeo oeco cpax oaeeoce; o ocyo ooo pa oaa, oopx aeo e oceee eco oooc, oeo, Ho eo oey. Haec, oao, eoe, cy c po oox e: ac aypoco paacopo ae cee ocaoo ceoc, o yaa a ecoopaoc oypo oe. "To aoee, oop o, o co paopee, ao po eo pa pe. Ec oo yeco pao a aeoe paccoe, o o ocac a oepxoc e, a e oaac ap opax a oo ye". pae paccye aa oo acea oe oy copy, ec e cy a cey eoeece cpac. K oy XVII . poe eoo ycepo eapoac eo ape oocoo a, epa, pa A, oope oo aya opoc ec y ee oy cyy. C x op , e coaaec c e ooee, o ce opce opaece oca ceecy o eco ooe, aea a ce oopee opa ceo ceoo ca eo. Co pee paacopo ea cea xo o a epe cce papao pax eop, a a oee ca e o oepo a opoepee eop, paccapae coaee oca opao a ey "py ppo", a oce oo poo ee oopaca e, pee e pyxya oea o o, o ce coaee opa opee epx acax peyae Hoea ooa. Hoa ee ao ayo ce eopeeca oa a e poopea o ae cceaeco acca ao. cp popecc eoo oeee pe oaac oo a opao aoap aeoy opeee oceoaeoc aea epax acc ye ye coepaxc x pax opaecx ocao peypoc x acoe, Capa eop ooa (a)  pea ee pepee cee cex e pa aco ooca ce e oo o e pe ooy oy e opooy epoy pee, a e cooyoc pax p, ecoax a poe oo pa ox. O e e a, a xoe x e, ox cyax caa a, pyx cyax o oe ae pax ax. Kopoe oop, cop eoo c"oa XVII . o oa XVIII . ec cop eycao oecoeo op oee c po ye, caopoax ceo epo ox ooe, opaxc a aope ceoo ca.

ayee, aeeoe aee ax paex, ypao eeo. Ee eee ca e oy aa B. y, aae poeccopo eoo Ocope, coe cyeo pe yep cox cyaee, o "e a cepoo ooa e co oaey o ac oxy oaa a ec eopoep apyea, o ec ae eo e a o e ceoo ca pyoo coa, o caa eoo yea a pa a oo ooy aacpoy oce ax e".

e ae pe pyo ac eoo ca ceyee: " ye ao pe ae, o oo, o o pacca, coepac 7- 8- aax e, eoxoo peoo, o o aopo o aoo-y copeeoo ey ea aco oea. a oea caa o, yoae o epex y o a op epa p oce e acaoo ypo eoope pye ea, a ae ooe ec o paccaa, a o , a eo aoe peooee; aoe peooee o e pe ycpae ce pyoc ooa, oope pxoc ocoo oya". Ho, ec ecoe peae o ooe ec ac copeea-oea, o a ao cyae oc coepaec e paee poope o opocy o pooeoc ooa ce px oe ox. Tao e oo e papeae cex x poope paccaa, o, apo, eae x coepeo eoc e peooe ooo eacyeoo o oc paccaa o ocyc y eo coo paoo cca.

M e ye oo ocaaac a pyo oce pea o ooe, oopoe ocee o ooaoc ea ycexo epa. o o eop, peae o ooe eceoc e ee aoo ooe oe, oey, a pecae coo , oopo cyae coe, ya, e o ce ece; yee, ceae o yeoe ope, coac ey coo ocoy, ocoy ce o oepa oepoe "eoe" ooae; o o coepeo pacxoc py c pyo o ce oe ya coe "eeco" eop O yepa, o oe o coe; pye oop, o o ec ya, o coa, oopo o oaa coecoe ooaee yoo ae, a o pe pyca oea yo opayea a y, B oeee pe aec o pepee y-o eop, oop capaec pp ce poope, opa cex e accapa a yy, a ox paea a eax, Ocya cepeo ce yee eeoc a oaa co oo ec pe aae eop c eceo e ecoo o cy paop pax e o acoey cepeoy opocy.

Ho ec opoc copoy ooe ocye aa, ac ce e ocaec epee opoc o pocxoe ax pea. Coepa o cee pay ce? e eco eceoc oo, a o o yopo oop ee, eo oce e o? Ha o opoc oe c ocaoo yepeoc oe, o, ocoy x oopc o ooe, oop a ec p, ao ae coae op oy o cex e ox, pacca . o, ec ep aopea oee eoo, e e caa ooo aoo aaa c ex op, a a e y . Coepeo pyo opoc cyecoa eoa, a ya eoope yee, coo oea, opa c oepxoc ae ae aoo o oe a e eoea, e, apep, peca cee e ee epoaao e "a pacaey ceyc accy, oopa c caoo aaa ee opaoa ocoo oepaac oxae. Koa apya opa acoo oxaac, o ap ca cyac, o oycc opaoac coo oea, op coae op opy ec eo ap". ooa eop opaoa cooo epoo oeaa cece oeca ooo apa o epe oceeoo oxae pacaeo acc ae ae eae o eeo eco "eypo oe" o pocxoe eoo pa, oopa epoaao a ya Kao, a oo paa aaco. aap ae " yoo poy yeee, ococoa cpe capx ececocaee, o ep oea opa ec eo ap ooe pe oce oo, a oc e cyeca". Ho ce ae yope, ae ec oyc, o o o p ooy epooy eoey, e ceye cea c pea o ooe, yoe oco eoeecoo poa; pea peoaa cyecoae eoea a ee e oy, cao , oocc oxe, peecye ecoeooy epoy.

Ho xo caa o oox cpax aaax o ecoeo c eeap, ce e oe ooo ae epoo, o oe x o eco oooo coepa epo c. Booo, o o cpa cee ocoa o aoex, oope eceo poo oex ecax, o, epeaaee apoo a ooe ooee, p co peee paoe paep pox aacpo eoc yx eo oy oca ex ooo, pacpocpax yac ocy, o , oeo, cpao, ec ocoae o ax cox, epex e ooee, e coxpaoc aoo y eo ooo. o e ca aeo pepo ax oycoex aoe, yae xo a coce oa, oopa oepaac eoopao. B XIII . eoc o ocpoa (Vlie), aco axoec o ypoo aoe, aoe ooe oa, Heeoe ope popaoc o ypeee oepo eo, opa eo yp a epee, pe oaac opye oo c pcacx epee co ce x aceee Pocee c oaac apye. -a oo cpaoo aoe cpaa epecaa peca coo oecoe eopaecoe eoe. oa opea o poceoo aee a ocoe a e oac ope, aoe oee x o ao-cacocx pae pa蔷 B aae XVI . ceep op oa opce o a e epe epaco po ea cpee, e o o a cee xo epe a-e-Kae, o oo eeaa popa, ope aoo cpay. Co epee yoe, ooca e, oopaa o po, a opeea o oa, eea pepac ocpo, po, oe eo o aepa, oy c ex op aae "ooye e".

B x, a pyx cyax aoe, pae ae pocpaca oa, a e po o, a oee ypo opco o. Ceye p o ae, o o ox peax oo ae ocec a peya ope op, a e ae o. Ha ay eo py pocxoe ooa yaa ye ocpoo Hac, ao, Po, opoa, Ta, aa, Paaxaa py aay, a ae ece eea o cey aaoy epey Aep, o Oeo e a e o Ac a ceepe, , aoe, coc a oepee eooo oeaa. pooe pacpocpaee ax pea o epea ocpoa Txoo oeaa eca oaaeo, a a o oeae pe o pee pocxo eepce, peyae oopx aco aoc e cae oepe ocpoa, e apoc caa o eo ooe, peo oee ypo op. ooy e oo ee pao, o ae oa oc pocxoee o pae epe eoopx x caa aec pocxo aoe. o ce epooc, ao cyae ee eo e co cyao, a c po c ey oo e.

Boe ececeo, o ex popcx cpaax, e eepce ooeo copooac o aepac pao op, ye p epo copce o y yee a coax, e e yy ypoa poce . M ye e, o apayace e , ee coe peae o eo ooe oec oope oo ec, ey op p epo co oe o peeepce, M, poe oo, e, o oae ocppo , y oopx ae cyecye oooe peae, e oa epa aooe o a cya ooo aoe, pa o ae ce a oo poa, eo coacc c e ocee, oopoe ec aepac oo opao Xe (Hale) ae co eee o ooe. Koepy oyeoe cooee o oo o yoyo oae e, o oop ceyee: "Cooee o, oepaeoe paccaa pyx ex e paex, oyo e pacceoa, e pecae poa x ocpoo ax-o ao, oope o ocy ocoae ooe oo pea ocaoo oa. 7 op 1837 o cey Txoy oeay c ocoa a aa poaac opoa oa, oopa, aac oopeeo c copcee o , oca aex oox ocpoo. Ha Caex ocpoax, o coa apca (c, eo "cop", c, 21), oa oac a ocoo epey a 20 yo e acya pa, aoa eoc, cea ecoo epee oya oo e. ooe aoe ocpoa ca eoopao, Ec oyc (a o e eo eepooo), o oa-o a ocee p epe cee aa-y oa, oe oee coa, poecac epe oea opyac a ocpoa , o oa oa a ao c aocy pay a ocoo epey B-ey, caoo aceeoo ce o py ocpoo. p o, e coe, oo o oy oeco e, ac ee oa cacc a oax, a a opc ocpo Mea axoc o cocecy c o ecoc, o ececeo, o eo ec oe o a cee yee."

Oeo, o aoe e ocee oo pe py eea o ooe, aca a ocpoax Txoo oeaa, ooy o ce ocpoa, o-oy, oo e opao cpaa o ec opox opcx o c c eepce, p acoe coco ax a ceye oa peoec aeoc aepacoo ooa eop ecoo eeoo ooa, paccapaeo ce ae oece pea a coee, ye ee .

Ec eoope pea o ooe, ao oee ypo o ope, oy e o coo copecy oy, o oey e peoo, o pye pea o ooe, ao po oe, oo a e e e aecoo ocoa? ec, A, pao ac cpa, cee ecx aoe, oycoex eo ao po, Bceo ecoo e oy aa, apep, opoe pocpaco paca Hopo ece c opoo Hop oaaoc a oo cece coo . o o e pe pooo eao aoee ex apaax apa, aee peoy cee e oo cpe ee, o cex ooe pye o pepacee pe co, Hepyo o, a cpe eeeceoo epaooo acee c pae opae pyoopo ocoae o ooo aacpoe, epexo e ycoo pea o ooe oe, oe oo papacaec eey o ceoe ooe, o oopoo yaoc a ae cac co eoo opce cace. a epoec oceee yeece, oaoc, co co ape, c peae o co eco aoe c o co eoeecx ep, cocoe eoo peye coe o eoax paepo cooa eo yxe Hoea ooa, o oopo o ca c caoo eca.

Heoope cceoae peaa oc aocoe epecoe pea o eo ooe e aoe, oop eeoo oepac oa Epaa Tpa cece ecx pox oe a ceo opax Ape. "coae o ee, oop o aop, ocy eeoe aoe o pe ooo epeoo ceoa, pooaeoc Bao ecoo ece, eee oopx ee opya oe Epaa aaac oo. o ep p opoe oycoe o ex op, oa ycoepecoaa ccea aao e ypeypoaa pa Epaa Tpa; c ex op o, o pae o poe cpa, pepaoc ao oeo a coo o yeoe oopoe, oop a cac Bao. Epecoe peae ao ocoae o oo ocoeo papyeo epoe pee, ocae yooe eaee; cpaee c aaoo eeo, aeo a x aax oee Aypaaa, oepae y oey o eco pocxoe ee".

o o oee, e oo a eoa e ceo. o pa o xo cya ooeoo e; opoe oycoe, poeee a oo pocpace o, oca eaoe eaee a epex aacpoy e x ooca, B oy aoo a oop o a, o a aocoe peae, a peea opa epecoo pea yaa a poo o a a ecey py aoe.

oepee ao oe cy o, o acoee pe cpaa a o ece ex e ececex p eeoo oepaec oacoc aoe, Koa oyc, epe poe paco a ece peeo opoa pex, 5 a 1849 . p aa, o aca ec aceee aeco cpaxe. Bcece cpoo a ceo Kypcx opax eoao ooo epepoca o Epaa epe aa Cea oa Tpe oac y ecy a 5 yo e acaoo ypo oe o, oe o peoe ae ypoe 1831 ., oa pea opoya opoce ce oy o papya e eee 7 c, oo, o pe a cpecoaa pyo ya pooa cpaoe oycoee cpe acee. a ecoo e o p acoo opa ype aa aaa copa ce aceee, o ooo eoea, ee ey peopae oacoc ocpo opy opocx ce poy coy ac, o e e ocaac, oa a capy ypeea a eeoo aa. Bype ac opoa a a opao aea o o, oopa ce e pocaaac epe pxy aocy oy poa a ecoo yo y opea, a cea opoa oa oac a 2 ya e epea. Co copo pe pepao aoe cy oo oa, ac oe cape exe. Moe pec. e o copo opae. Ec e-y oa ypeee e epa, o aa e-o cece oo. K cac, o yco po aopa o, aoee oceeo oo a y, Cpaa a oe opy eaa o oo, a peea o e o ao oooc cooac ae a a oax, oopx coopye apo. opo a pe pepac ocpo cpe opoo ypeeo op. poe e ec, pee e e co epxo ea opoa. cape o acoec o ocy po oe ap, pe ae paep, o acee 70 . eoe e eee 12 c, oo o xopa.

Ec aoe, aee ae ceo opax Ape, ee ceac c ypoo cyecoa opoo peo oe, o ceye oyc, o ay e ypoy o peca peoc, A ao cyae aocoe peae o e opoa ypya o aoe, oay, ee o coo aecoe ocoae. paa, opo o yoe ooaeo, o-oy, oapo, a e oo; o o e eae a peoo, o o ee pae o6 o aoe, a oo o ocpoe.

a, ee ooe ocoae peoaa, o eoope, a oe oe, ae pea peca coo e o oe, a peyeee oca aoe, oope aec e eco peyae pooo o, ec opcx o o pe eepce cy pyx p, ooy ce ooe pea yo oec ac aeop ee, ac aeop o: ocoy peae opaae ocoae o eceo cyec aoe, oo oe aao eeap; ocoy e oo ocae ceo oo, oopoo eceoc oa e o, oo oe aao ec. B ae oope pea o ooe ec ecoo caa co ecx, .e. coepax ocae aoe, a cao ee oa e cyecoax, Tao, apep, caa caopacoe eccacoe, oope pe ca c ea apaa eaoa, Caopacoe caae ec, epoo, e o oe, a o o ax eco eopa, oocxc epoy op eo oo xoa ocopy apaea; eccacoe caae, ao ya, ec oa o o ax eco eopa, oocxc opyeoy op oo eccacoy accey eo xoy Teecoy ye, Caa , cao , e eeape, a co ece, o oca aacpo, ax a cao ee oa e o. O oocc o aeop ecx paccao, oope ece c yapo Taopo oe aa a ae, a a o a o cooae epx ae e ppo.

pya pya ax pea, pep oopx po,ae pae papy o ae. Tao caa o eo ooe, ocoae a axoe opcx coaex opax pyx ecax, oaex o p. pea oo poa cyecy, a e, y ooo, yee eeeca, oopx a aee ape, oaee ocpoa Ta, coco peae. yy ocoa a eepo peooe, yo ope ooc eoa e ex op, e eep cpeac coaee, pea c epa oa, a ae; o ec e e pea cxo o oe, o co eoa axoc e ypo o oeae, o o c pa oa, peocxa o copeeo ay.

ocoy ec ocoa peoaa, o oe pea o ooe, paccee o cey py, oycoe ocoa o eceo pocex aacpoax, ocoy pocxoee cex ax pea oo oeceo epoy pee, oaey, caoe oee, ecoo ocex cee, C pyo copo, ee, e pea oca paoe ee oepxoc eoo apa, oope coepac oee eee oaee eooece ox, ee epe coo e ac copeeo-oee, a yope cee aeo oee ox pee. o cpae c coa ppoo eece epa eoo a eoe ec coae epaeo , eo ocoa e y aee coe ye o.

 

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